The Korean War
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world - Nelson Mandela
The Korean War was a war between North Korea and South Korea. Fighting began on the 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following a series of clashes along the border. It became a 3 year battle for territory and political power.
This series of five lesson plans will help your students better understand the brutality of this often forgotten war through the personal testimonies of surviving veterans.
"It’s a really exciting way for the students to relate to people from their area that have actually had real life experience of conflict."
Head of Humanities
To help your teaching you will find planned thinking points which stimulate classroom discussions and task pointers for the activities associated with each session. The activities themselves are located within a separate workbook, and available to you to download and use with your learners – they include individual, pair and group tasks, research and written work, homework and family involvement.
Our resources are all provided free of charge, and whilst they remain the intellectual property of Legasee Educational Trust, we would be delighted if you would download, print off, photocopy and use in the way that best suits your learning and teaching styles.
Origins of the conflict
Origins of Conflict Lesson plan1 At the end of the second world war Korea, a former Japanese colony, was occupied by Allied forces whilst waiting for independence. Two states were established, with Russia occupying the North and America the South. The states were divided by a line called the 38th parallel. On 25 June 1950 soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army invaded South Korea. Against a background of cold war tension America entered the war in support of the South Koreans and they called on other UN member states like Britain to support them.Download
THE DRAFT Lesson plan2 The Korean War began in the middle of a century that had already seen two terrible global conflicts. When America called on her UN allies to send troops, the British Army first sent regular servicemen who had been stationed in Hong Kong. But, as the North Korean army advanced reinforcements were needed. In October 1950 the 29th Brigade set sail from Britain for Korea, many of the men were National Servicemen or reservists.Download
Where is Korea?
WHERE IS KOREA? Lesson plan4 For most British servicemen Korea was an unknown country on the other side of the world. After a month at sea they arrived in the port of Pusan. They found a mountainous country, with an extreme climate which had been ravaged by war. Those men who were to join the fighting, travelled north from Pusan by train.Download
Life in a hutch
LIFE IN A HUTCH Lesson plan4 From June 1951 troop movement ground to a halt and the two armies faced each other along the 38th parallel. Both sides fortified their positions and dug defensive trenches. Soldiers lived in dugouts on the side of the hillside called ‘hutches’. Conditions were very basic and there was ongoing close combat with the enemy. With the war in stalemate, both sides agreed to go to the conference table and armistice talks began at Panmunjom.Download
The future of remembrance
THE FUTURE OF REMEMBRANCE Lesson plan5 On the 27th of July 1953, the adversaries signed an armistice and the divide between North and South Korea was established. Britain provided troops for the United Nations Peace Keeping Forces in Korea until July 1957. When British troops returned home to civilian life there was no fanfare. The war had received little press coverage and some have called it ‘The Forgotten War’. Officially the War continues. No peace treaty has ever been signed between North and South Korea.Download
MEET THE VETERANSWHO APPEAR IN THIS LESSON PLANSEE ALL STORIES
Joyce Aylard was stationed at HMS Pembroke V in North London where she worked on the bombe codebreaker machines trying to decode German Enigma...
Sister Veronica provides a fabulous interview full of fun and detail. She served with the Women’s Royal Naval Service as an Air Mechanic – ‘Engines’ and was attached to the Fle...
Ted Rogers sailed was an apprentice boy when he set sail with the Merchant navy. On his first voyage a U-boat attack changes the course of this life.
John Roche served on HMS Renown throughout most of the war. He gives a fabulous account of himself and provides a fascinating insight to life onboard.
Ted Wells provides a fascinating account of his lengthy spell at sea during WWII. Torpedoed and bombed on numerous occasions he's...
Mervyn Salter gives a great account of his life at sea on HMS Saumerz. Operating in both the Arctic and the Pacific he witnesses more than his fair...
Patricia Massett was a Morse Operator who was stationed at Cowes on the Isle of Wight. Her task was to identify individual ships that were passing...
Margery gives an outstanding account of her wartime memories. She was incredibly fortunate to survive the Devonport blitz
Albert provides a great account of his life at sea onboard the Flower-class corvette, HMS Oxslip.
MEET THE VETERANSRELATED TO THIS TEACHING RESOURCESEE ALL STORIES
Dennis Grogan talks in detail about his time in Korea serving with 1903 Air Observation Corps. These flights, were equipped with Austers, and operated from an airstrip which was constructed for them b...
Harry is one of the Glosters that was captured at the Battle of the Imjin. Despite his charming demeanour, 65 years later, the memories still cause...
In Korea, John Pritchard was a craftsman with the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers [REME].
Charles Bull provides an interesting account of his time onboard HMS Kenya. He worked in Payroll.
Neville Williams provides a detailed account of his time as an Assault Pioneer in The Welch Regiment.
Paddy Redmond gives a frank account of his time in Korea with the Middlesex Regiment. As a former Commando, he was happy to be called upon to do a job
Michael specialised in bomb disposal whilst in the Royal Engineers. It could have been quite different but his name went against him….
Ron Yardley gives a great account of his life onboard HMS Belfast while she served in the Korean War.
Alan Guy served with the Royal Army Medical Corps and his responsibility was to look after the general health of the soldiers...